Bossuyt P, Baert F, Coenegrachts JL, De Vos M, Dewit O, Ferrante M, Fontaine F, Mana F, Vandervoort J, Moreels T.
The natural history of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unpredictable. Factors associated with the need for different types of step-up therapy in UC patients failing on 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) or corticosteroids are understudied.
Describe step-up therapy in patients with UC the first year after failing on 5-ASA or corticosteroids.
A Belgian, multi-center, prospective, non-interventional observational study comprising adult UC patients failing on 5-ASA or corticosteroids and naïve to immunomodulators/ biologicals. During a 12 months follow-up, patient characteristics, demography, medical therapy, biomarkers, therapy adherence and quality of life (QoL) were assessed.
After 1 year, 35% of the patients were on biological therapy. Use of anti-TNF differed depending on baseline treatment: corticosteroid-refractory patients (55.8%), 5-ASA refractory (20.0%), and corticosteroid-dependent (16.0%) patients (p<0.001). The decision to start a line of therapy was based on the Mayo combined severity but not on biomarkers like faecal calprotectin, haemoglobin, CRP, albumin, platelets, and number of extraintestinal manifestations. At year 1, 84.2% of the patients had only mild UC or remission and a significant improvement of fatigue (p=0.004) and IBDQ scores (p<0.001) were observed implying an improved QoL.
Treatment step-up, based on clinical scores in immunomodulatory and anti-TNF naïve patients with UC, provides good clinical outcomes and QoL.